Cancer Terms


Cancer Terms -> Experimental Organism Anatomical Concepts -> Chloroplast

Chloroplast Definition

Photosynthetic organelle containing chlorophyll, the photosynthetic pigment, in cells of leaves and young stems of higher plants. Lens-shaped and rather variable in size but approximately 5 m long. Surrounded by a double membrane and contains circular DNA (though not enough to code for all proteins in the chloroplast). Like the mitochondrion, it is semi-autonomous. It resembles a cyanobacterium from which, on the endosymbiont hypothesis, it might be derived. Chlorophyll is associated with the membrane of vesicles (thylakoids) that are stacked to form grana.

Chloroplast Synonyms


Terms in Chloroplast category

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